Bare root roses look nasty when they come from the nursery with their brown roots and dormant stem, but the rewards are many.
Find a spot for your Bare Root Rose that gets at least five hours of full sun and dig a hole approximately 20 inches wide and 16 inches deep.
Add 2 cups well composted material or potting soil, 1 cup sand and 2 oz rose care pelleted fertilizer - mix well, add 2 times the amount of on-site soil (where you just dug the hole) in a bucket. Mix together.
Form a mound of the mixture in the bottom of the hole.
Position the bare root rose on the soil mound.
In warmer climates, position the bare root rose so that the bud union is at or just above ground level.
In colder climates, position the bud union 1 to 2" below ground level.
Work the soil mixture around the bare roots to eliminate any air pockets.
Firm soil around the roots and add more soil until the hole is 3/4 full.
To help the plant settle in, fill the hole with water and let it soak in, then refill.
Trim canes ONLY if they are damaged or leggy, making angled cuts 1/4 inch above outward facing buds.
Create a 6-inch soil mound over the plant to protect canes from drying out.
When buds sprout - about two weeks - remove the mound.
The Central and Southern California Regions:
AHS Heat Zones
5 to 12
USDA Hardiness Zones
5 to 10
From the sunny beaches of California to the blistering deserts of the Southwest, this region is marked by nearly year-round sunshine and little rain. Roses bloom from April through December in the more temperate parts, while they take a rest during August and September in the great deserts, where searing temperatures vary little between day and night. There, roses have two seasons: spring and fall, with peak blooming in April and October. Ample irrigation is key. Soils may be alkaline or sand: it's important to amend with plenty of organic matter. The best roses are heat tolerant, and tend to bear darker leaves and bloom in more intensely saturated colors.